The Birth of the United States Post Office – In early colonial times most correspondence happened between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all the information and mail which was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies depended on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated because the official repository of mail through the General Court of Massachusetts (appointed from the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, as well as the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Us Post Office within the colonies, a few of which remain around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of brand new York set up a monthly mailing post between New York City and Boston. The post rider’s trail became called Old Boston Post Road, that is part of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was point about this rider’s trail and is one among the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania and a leader within the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications from one plantation to another one.
Most significantly, Thomas Neale received a twenty-twelve months grant in 1691 from the British Crown to begin with a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of brand new Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents annually. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America over to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt due to this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights to the North American postal service through the widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 when he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who had been postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed by the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for the colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man called John Foxcroft of New York succeeded him, serving till the outbreak in the Revolutionary War.
Throughout his time being a Joint Postmaster General for your Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements in the colonial posts. He immediately begun to reorganize the service; he inspected Liteblue.Usps.Gov within the North and as far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were put on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were organized. The first time, post riders carried mail during the night between Philadelphia and New York City, and the travel time had been shortened in two.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. This is outside of the British crown and was funded by purchasing subscriptions. Net revenues were to be used to improve his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress the colonies come together to create a United Postal Service. He believed that this could be a method to separate the colonies’ mail from the British postal inspectors. By doing this they might communicate colonial news just to the colonies. Goddard proposed his concept of a postal service to Congress a couple of years before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists failed to trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin have been dismissed of his post duties by the Crown for his actions. The crown thought that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the reason for the colonies. In September 1774, soon after the Boston riots, known today as the Boston Massacre, the colonies began to separate from England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to determine a completely independent government. Among the first questions before the delegates was how to convey and provide the mail.
With the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications involving the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin because the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment from the organization that took over as the What Time Does Post Office Open nearly two centuries later traces back for this date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus for the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself in this particular position, as well as many others, to fulfill George Washington’s dream of an information highway in between the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea would be to become united, Washington believed, that as a nation, we could forever be bound together by way of a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail involving the colonies and England was operating on a regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line of the system Franklin created, planned, and positioned in operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the cornerstone in the postal service which has performed magnificently for that American people.